Losartan is a medication primarily used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and certain types of heart conditions. It belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs).
It works by blocking the action of angiotensin II, a substance in the body that causes blood vessels to constrict, thereby helping to relax blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood flow. By reducing blood pressure, losartan can help prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems.
Additionally, losartan is sometimes prescribed for diabetic kidney disease and to protect the kidneys in patients with type 2 diabetes.
As with any medication, it’s important to take losartan exactly as prescribed by a healthcare professional, and to be aware of potential side effects and drug interactions. Common side effects may include dizziness, fatigue, cough, and low blood pressure.
Always consult with a healthcare provider or pharmacist for specific information about dosages, potential side effects, and any concerns regarding the use of losartan, especially if you have other medical conditions or are taking other medications.