Cephalexin is an antibiotic medication belonging to the class of drugs known as cephalosporins. It’s commonly prescribed to treat various bacterial infections caused by susceptible strains of bacteria.
Here’s some detailed information about cephalexin:
- Antibacterial Action: Cephalexin works by interfering with the bacteria’s ability to build their cell walls. By disrupting the formation of the bacterial cell wall, it weakens and ultimately kills the bacteria, effectively treating the infection.
- Medical Uses:It is often prescribed to treat bacterial infections of the skin, respiratory tract, ear, urinary tract, bones, and other tissues. It’s commonly used for infections such as cellulitis, respiratory tract infections (like pneumonia or bronchitis), urinary tract infections (UTIs), strep throat, and certain types of skin infections.
- Dosage: The dosage of cephalexin varies based on the type and severity of the infection being treated, as well as the patient’s age and medical condition. It’s typically taken orally in the form of capsules or liquid suspension. The usual adult dosage for most infections is 250 mg to 500 mg every 6 to 12 hours, depending on the severity of the infection.
- Side Effects: Common side effects of cephalexin may include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, and allergic reactions such as rash or itching. Some individuals may experience more severe side effects like severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, or allergic reactions like swelling of the face or difficulty breathing. It’s essential to seek medical attention if any severe or unusual symptoms occur.
- Precautions and Interactions: Cephalexin may interact with certain medications or supplements. It’s important to inform the doctor about all medications being taken to avoid potential interactions. Individuals with a history of allergies to cephalosporin or penicillin antibiotics should use cephalexin with caution.
- Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Cephalexin is generally considered safe to use during pregnancy when needed under the supervision of a healthcare provider. It is also usually considered safe during breastfeeding, but it’s essential to consult with a doctor before using it in these situations.
- Completion of Course: It’s crucial to complete the full course of cephalexin as prescribed by the healthcare provider, even if symptoms improve before the medication is finished. Stopping the antibiotic too soon might allow the infection to return or not be completely treated.
Always take cephalexin exactly as prescribed and directed by the healthcare provider. If there are any concerns or unexpected side effects while taking cephalexin, it’s essential to contact a healthcare professional for guidance.